What is China? If you want to fully understand What is China, The most comprehensive introduction to China political, economic, cultural, and so on.
What is china? With more than 1.4 billion people, China is the world’s most populous country, and it has created many of the foundations of the modern world.
China (officially known as the People’s Republic of China) is one of the largest countries,in the world covering 9.6 million sq km (3.7 million sq miles).
It borders 14 nations and this number is equaled only by Russia.
The capital city is Beijing.
Shanghai is the city with the most people living in it.
Some other well-known cities are Guangzhou, Chongqing, and Hangzhou.
China Places of China
A few of the main places to see in China are: The Great Wall of China – the longest wall.
in the world, The Terracotta Army – represents the army
that was the decisive factor in forming a united China
The Forbidden City – a place of Chinese cultural and historical relics
China National Animal
Giant Pandas – can be seen close up.
The climate of China is extremely diverse, from tropical regions in the south to subarctic regions in the north.
China Major Rivers
China has two major rivers, the Yellow River and the Yangtze River.
There is also the Taklamakan Desert and the Gobi Desert.
The world’s highest point, Mt. Everest (8848m), is on the border between China and Nepal. China is governed by the Communist Party of China.
The government consists of the executive branch, the legislative branch, the judicial branch and the military branch.
The primary organs of state power are the National People’s Congress (NPC), the President, and the State Council.
The Head of State is the President and the Head of Government is the Premier. The current president of China is Xi Jinping and he has been in office since 2012.
The official language of China is Standard Mandarin, which is mostly based on the Beijingdialect.
Mandarin has been the only language used in education on the mainland since the 1950s.
Mandarin is a tonal language, and getting the four tones correct when speaking is necessary to be understood.
Mainland China uses “simplified characters”, adopted to facilitate literacy during the mid-1950s.
Traditional characters are used in Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau, and by many overseas Chinese.
Many regions in China have their own dialects which can be very different.
China was one of the world’s earliest civilizations.
The recorded history of Chinese civilization can be traced to the Yellow River valley,
which is said to be the ‘cradle of Chinese civilization’.
The Xia Dynasty was the first one to be described in ancient historical chronicles.
China was unified in 221 BC by Qin Shi Huang, which was the ‘First Emperor’ of China.
The two-thousand-year-old imperial system collapsed in 1911 when Sun Yat-Sen founded the Republic of China.
In 1916, China descended into anarchy, with various warlords ruling over different regions of China.
The Chinese Civil War from 1946 to 1949 led to the break up of the country, with the Communist leader Mao Zedong founding the People’s Republic of China on the mainland while the losing side retreated to Taiwan.
China Economic Reform
Since the introduction of economic reforms in 1978, China has been one of the world’s fastest-growing economies.
It is the second-largest economy by nominal GDP after the United States and the largest country by purchasing power parity (PPP).