History Of Tea ： tea was the subject of books and poetry, the favorite drink of emperors, and a medium for artists.
Brief History Of Tea
History Of Tea: during a long day spent roaming the forest in search of edible grains and herbs, the weary divine farmer Shennong
accidentally poisoned himself 72 times.
History Of Tea
But before the poisons could end his life, a leaf drifted into his mouth.
He chewed on it and it revived him, and that is how we discovered tea.
Or so an ancient legend goes at least.
Tea doesn’t actually cure poisonings, but the story of Shennong, the mythical Chinese inventor of agriculture, highlights tea’s importance to ancient China.
Archaeological evidence suggests tea was first cultivated there as early as 6,000 years ago, or 1,500 years before the pharaohs built the Great Pyramids of Giza.
That original Chinese tea plant is the same type that’s grown around the world today, yet it was originally consumed very differently.
It was eaten as a vegetable or cooked with grain porridge.
Tea only shifted from food to drink 1,500 years ago, when people realized that a combination of heat and moisture could create a complex and varied taste out of the leafy green.
After hundreds of years of variations to the preparation method, the standard became to heat tea, pack it into portable cakes, grind it into powder, mix with hot water, and create a beverage called muo cha, or matcha.
Matcha became so popular that a distinct Chinese tea culture emerged.
Tea was the subject of books and poetry, the favorite drink of emperors, and a medium for artists.
They would draw extravagant pictures in the foam of the tea, very much like the espresso art you might see in coffee shops today.
In the 9th century during the Tang Dynasty, a Japanese monk brought the first tea plant to Japan.
The Japanese eventually developed their own unique rituals around tea, leading to the creation of the Japanese tea ceremony.
And in the 14th century during the Ming Dynasty, the Chinese emperor shifted the standard from tea pressed into cakes to lose leaf tea.
At that point, China still held a virtual monopoly on the world’s tea trees, making tea one of three essential Chinese export goods, along with porcelain and silk.
This gave China a great deal of power and economic influence as tea drinking spread around the world.
That spread began in earnest around the early 1600s when Dutch traders brought tea to Europe in large quantities.
Many credit Queen Catherine of Braganza, a Portuguese noblewoman, for making tea popular with the English aristocracy when she married King Charles II in 1661.
At the time, Great Britain was in the midst of expanding its colonial influence and becoming the new dominant world power.
And as Great Britain grew, interest in tea spread around the world.
By 1700, tea in Europe sold for ten times the price of coffee, and the plant was still only grown in China.
The tea trade was so lucrative that the world’s fastest sailboat, the clipper ship, was born out of intense competition between Western trading companies.
All were racing to bring their tea back to Europe first to maximize their profits.
At first, Britain paid for all this Chinese tea with silver.
When that proved too expensive, they suggested trading tea for another substance, opium.
This triggered a public health problem within China as people became addicted to the drug.
Then in 1839, a Chinese official ordered his men to destroy massive British shipments of opium as a statement against
Britain’s influence over China.
This act triggered the First Opium War between the two nations.
Fighting raged up and down the Chinese coast until 1842 when the defeated Qing Dynasty ceded the port of Hong Kong to the British and resumed trading on unfavorable terms.
The war weakened China’s global standing for over a century.
The British East India company also wanted to be able to grow tea themselves and further control the market.
So they commissioned botanist Robert Fortune to steal tea from China in a covert operation.
He disguised himself and took a perilous journey through China’s mountainous tea regions, eventually smuggling tea trees
and experienced tea workers into Darjeeling, India.
From there, the plant spread further still, helping drive tea’s rapid growth as an everyday commodity.
Today, tea is the second most consumed beverage in the world after water, and from sugary Turkish Rize tea to salty Tibetan butter tea, there are almost as many ways of preparing the beverage as there are cultures on the globe.
Tea can be divided into six types: green tea, black tea, white tea, wulong tea, pu’er tea, yellow tea
Green Tea History
The history of green tea dates back to the 8th century, and steam leaves were found to inhibit its oxidation. In the 12th century, a new type of “fixed leaf” was introduced.
This approach makes tea with a unique unfoxia and appearance of modern green tea, and these two methods are still in use.
Black Tea History
China is the birthplace of black tea, known as black tea in China – may be more appropriate black tea – it usually produces black tea. Its history can be traced back to the end of the Ming Dynasty.
About 1590, the first black tea – Zhengshan small species – produced in the surrounding area of Wuyishan, Fujian Province. This mountain is called Zhengshan and small species – therefore name.
White Tea History
White tea is widely considered to be the earliest tea form in China, because it is basically dry leaves, so it must be the first method for people to save the flower buds after picking.
The earliest written record of white tea comes from the Song Dynasty Emperor Song Huizong, around 1105.
Wulong Tea History
Wulong tea originated in Fujian Province, and its history dates back to more than 1,000 years ago, traditional tea is called Beiyuan Tea. Beiyuan Tea is the earliest tea tea in Fujian (a tea dedicated to the emperor or the royal family), and is one of the most famous tea in the Song Dynasty.
Beitai area is located around Fujian Phoenix Mountain, since the beginning of the Tang, the tea production area. This tea is a compressed tea, the leaves are pressed into a cake.
Pu’er Tea History
Pu’er tea has a long history as one of China’s oldest tea.
Pu’er tea dates back to the Eastern Han Dynasty 1,700 years ago. In that period, Pu’er tea was also known as Pucha.
It is named in Pu’er Town, Yunnan, which is the earliest trading center of Pu’er Tea. In the early Southwest China, Pu’er is used as a currency of meridian trade.
Yellow Tea History
The production method of yellow tea is created around 1591.
People make yellow tea using slow-dry technology.
During the fixation and rolling, if the tea is not dry in time or dry, the leaves will become yellow, the taste is very good.