History Of Hong Kong
: This was the name given by the Spanish and the Portuguese to the area around Hong Kong, which was filled with pirates.
Crawling with mysterians and smugglers and all manner of robbery.
The traders made deals with the imperial government in exchange for ruling out these pirates and in doing so, established favorable trade conditions with the Chinese and a permanent settlement in Macau.
The names of these pirates are still famous in the Pearl River Delta.
Ching I and his wife Madam Ching, who ruled the Prirate Confederations and the enormous red flag fleat.
Before the British arrived, Hong Kong was mostly a small fishing community and occasional haven for pirates.
They come to buy Chinese goods such as tea and porcelain, which was highly priced back in England.
The conversative Chinese government, however, restricted trade with foreigners to the port of Canton, or Guangzhou.
And local officials taxed the imports at very high rates.
History Of Hong Kong
The bankrupt East Indian Trading Company soon found itself in a huge trade imbalance, buying highly-priced Chinese goods with the only payment the Chinese would accept, silver.
In an effort to correct this imbalance the British began smuggling opium into Canton, which is the only thing the Chinese were interested in buying.
This effectively reversed the trade imbalance and created an epidemic of opium manics.
Things soon spiraled wildly out of control with the Chinese clamped down and destroyed the British opiums without compensation and cut off the food supply to the traders in an effort to drive them away.
So the British decided to leave.
Just kidding. They stayed and were eventually attacked by Chinese ships on the island of Hong Kong.
Now I don’t think the Chinese were aware that you just started mess with the British navy in the 19th Century.
The British sent in ships and soon won the so-called Opium War and China was forced to hand over Hong Kong Island to the British as well as abolish the Canton-style import taxes and open more trading ports.
The first British institutions began showing up, mostly churches and missions to spread Christianity. When mainland China began embroidering conflict, the British invaded Beijing in an attempt to force the handover of the Kowloon Peninsula to give Hong Kong Island a buffer zone.
And then, in 1889, they leased the New Territories surrounding the area for a period of 99 years or as good as forever.
As Hong Kong grew, it began heavily westernizing in education, government, and even culture.
The differences between Hong Kong and China began growing, as the mainland became more and more unstable.
Hong Kong’s defining moment came during the WWII in which it was invaded and occupied for 3 years by the Japanese.
More than 1 million people fled or were deported by the Japanese, who ruled Hong Kong directly by the Military.
British rule was then reestablished after the Japanese Empire was defeated, although it was now a shadow of its former glory.
However, its saving grace came with the Chinese Civil War, after which many of the wealthy business owners fled the Communist and took refuge in nearby Hong Kong.
As the prosperity of a nearly unregulated capitalist society too called so too the inequality skyrocketed.
And hundreds of thousands flocked to the prosperous island, living in poverty and extremely dense living quarters.
Fires and diseases were rampant.
When the West blockaded the trade of China for its support of North Korea in the Korean War, Hong Kong had to do a complete 180 on its economy.
Hong Kong’s wealthy White-colored elites turn to finance, consultancy, electronics, and manufacturing, which caused a huge boom in prosperity.
Hong Kong became ridiculously wealthy in the next few decades, and earned its nickname “the Pearl of the Orient”.
In the 70s, it became much more progressive with landmarks such as equal pay for men and women, and social programs to subsidize education.
Life expectancy rose and corruption fell.
Uncertainty over Hong Kong’s future began with the lead-up to the lease expiring in 1997, in which China demanded not only the New Territories but Hong Kong Island as well.
On the negotiation table, Margaret Thatcher secured a deal on the, One China Two Systems policy, by which Hong Kong would remain largely self-governing for a 50-year handover period.
So, as it remains today, Hong Kong is still largely independent with its own economy, currency passport and is functionally a country for all intents and purposes.
However, nobody really knows what will happen after the handover’s completed in 2047.
Hong Kong geographic coordinates are 114 ° 15 ‘, North latitude 22 ° 15’, is located in South China, east of Pearl River, Guangdong Province, China .
Hong Kong Northern Shenzhen City, Guangdong Province, south is the Wanshan Islands, Zhuhai City, Guangdong Province. Hong Kong is relative to the west of Macau, 61 kilometers away, 130 kilometers north of Guangzhou, 1200 km from Shanghai.
The area of the three major parts of Hong Kong is: about 81 square kilometers in Hong Kong Island; about 47 square kilometers; New Territories and 262 will be 976 square kilometers.
The total area of Hong Kong is 275.03 square kilometers, including 1104.32 square kilometers in land area, with a water area of 1650.64 square kilometers.
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